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    每日学英语
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    “jealousy”和“envy”到底一不一样?

    2019-02-20 09:03:08  每日学英语

    在我们的观念里,

    “嫉妒”和“妒忌”

    好像没什么太大的差别。

    可是在英语中,

    jealousy和envy这两个词的意思

    你必须要仔细区分,

    才不会用错地方。

    Jealousy /'d?el?s?/ n. 妒忌

     

    嫉妒

     

    By the term, jealousy we mean an unpleasant feeling, aroused when you fear someone is trying to take, which happens to be yours.

    我们所说的jealousy指的是你害怕某人想要夺走你的东西时而产生的一种不愉快的感觉。

    To put simply, jealousy occurs when there is an insecurity or anxiety over an expected loss status, position or something of personal value to another person that belongs to you.

    简单地说,jealousy指当你对地位、立场或本属于你的有个人价值的事物感到有失去的可能时而产生的恐惧和焦虑。

    Further, it is a complex emotion that gives rise to many other feelings such as anger, helplessness, humiliation, etc.

    此外,它还是一种会引起许多其他的情?#26657;?#22914;愤怒、无助、羞辱等的复杂的情?#23567;?/p>

    Envy /'env?/ n. 嫉妒,妒忌

     

    嫉妒

     

    We define envy as a feeling of covetousness and begrudging, aroused when a person lacks someone else s exceptional quality, possession or success, advantages, etc.

    我们把envy定义为一种贪婪和不情愿的感觉。它发生在当一个人感觉到他缺乏他人的卓越?#20998;省?#36130;富或成功、优?#39057;?#26102;。

    Envy is an emotion, experienced by people who are dissatisfied with their self-image or who has low self-esteem, as they feel inferior to the person they envy.

    Envy是那些对自己的自我形象不满意或自尊心不强的人会有的一种情绪,其实就是他们觉得自己不如自己所嫉妒的人。

    举个例子:

     

     

     

    If you want your neighbor's new convertible, you feel envy. If she takes your husband for a ride, you feel jealousy.

    如果你想要邻居的新敞篷车,你会envy。如果她带你丈夫去兜风,你会jealousy。

     

     

     

     

    嫉妒

     

    总的来说就是

    envy: 侧重指因别人获得了自己本想获得的东西或成就而产生妒忌。

    jealousy: 强调对别人占有的东西恼恨不满。

     

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